Global Ethics

地球システム倫理以外に救い無し by limitlesslife
August 31, 2007, 2:30 pm
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自己保存の裏が恐怖、凶行 by limitlesslife
August 27, 2007, 1:16 am
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人間史は失楽園史 by limitlesslife
August 20, 2007, 11:10 am
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実践が完成 by limitlesslife
August 13, 2007, 5:53 am
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釈尊が悟りの後、以前共に修行した五人の修行者にその成果をもたらそうとした時、中の一人が「ゴータマよ!」と呼びかけた。それに対して「もはやゴータマではなく如存(Tatha-gata, Thus-being)である。」と言った。


究極テロ兵器 by limitlesslife
August 11, 2007, 1:23 pm
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The Terror America Wrought

by Robert Scheer

During a week of mayhem in Iraq, in which terrorists have rightly been condemned for targeting schoolchildren, it is sobering to recall that this week is also the 62nd anniversary of a U.S. attack that deliberately took the lives of thousands of children on their way to school in the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. As noted in the Strategic Bombing Survey conducted at President Harry Truman’s request, when the bomb hit Hiroshima on April 6, 1945, “nearly all the school children … were at work in the open,” to be exploded, irradiated or incinerated in the perfect firestorm that the planners back at the University of California-run Los Alamos lab had envisioned for the bomb’s maximum psychological impact.

The terror plot worked all too well, as Hiroshima’s Mayor Tadatoshi Akiba recalled this week: “That fateful summer, 8:15 a.m. The roar of a B-29 breaks the morning calm. A parachute opens in the blue sky. Then suddenly, a flash, an enormous blast-silence-hell on Earth. The eyes of young girls watching the parachute were melted. Their faces became giant charred blisters. The skin of people seeking help dangled from their fingernails. … Others died when their eyeballs and internal organs burst from their bodies-Hiroshima was a hell where those who somehow survived envied the dead.”

Like most of the others killed by the two American bombs, neither the children nor the adults had any role in Japan’s decision to go to war, but they were picked as the target instead of an isolated but fortified military base whose antiaircraft fire posed a higher risk. The target preferred by U.S. atomic scientists-a patch in the ocean or unpopulated terrain-was rejected, because the effect of hundreds of thousands of civilians dying would be all the more dramatic.

The victims in Hiroshima and Nagasaki were available soft targets, much like the children playing in Iraq, suddenly caught in the crossfire of battles waged beyond their control. In “White Light/Black Rain,” a devastating HBO documentary released this week, there is an interview with the sole survivor of a Japanese elementary school of 620 students. The murder of the other 619, and the 370,000 overall deaths attributed to the bombings, 85 percent of which were civilian deaths, has never compelled a widespread examination of the “end justifies the means” morality of our own state-sanctioned acts of terror. Indeed, the horrifying footage taken by Japanese and American cameramen soon after the devastation, and shown in the HBO film, was long kept secret by the U.S. government for fear that an informed American public might question this nation’s incipient nuclear arms race.

Just exactly what distinguishes the United States’ use of the ever-so-cutely-named “Fat Man” and “Little Boy” atomic bombs on cities in Japan from the car bombs of Baghdad or the planes that smashed into the World Trade Center? To even raise the question, as was found in one recent university case, can be a career-ending move.

Of course, we had our justifications, as terrorists always do. Truman defended his decision to drop the atomic bombs on civilians over the objection of leading atomic scientists on the grounds that it was a necessary military action to save lives by forcing a quick Japanese surrender. He insisted on that imperative despite the objections of top military figures, including Gen. Dwight Eisenhower, who contended that the war would end quickly without dropping the bomb.

The subsequent release of formerly secret documents makes a hash of Truman’s rationalization. His White House was fully informed that the Japanese were on the verge of collapse, and their surrender was made all the more likely by the Soviets’ imminent entry into the fight.

At most, the Japanese were asking for the face-saving gesture of retaining their emperor, and even that modest demand would likely have been abandoned with the shift of massive numbers of Allied troops and firepower from the battlefront of a defeated Germany to a confrontation with its deeply wounded Asian ally. Instead, the U.S. played midwife to the birth of the nuclear monster, the ultimate terrorist weapon that presents a continuing and growing threat to the survival of human life on Earth.

This is a lesson to be pondered at a time when President Bush plays power games with a nuclear-equipped Russia while coddling Pakistan, the main proliferator of nuclear weapons to rogue regimes, and Congress authorizes an expansion of the U.S. nuclear program to better fight the war on terror by “improving” the ultimate weapon of terror, which the U.S. alone stands guilty of using.

Robert Scheer is editor of and a regular columnist for The San Francisco Chronicle.

長崎平和宣言、被爆62周年 by limitlesslife
August 9, 2007, 1:54 pm
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 長崎市長 田上富久

蒙昧・野蛮人間 by limitlesslife
August 6, 2007, 1:09 pm
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1983年、アメリカの天文学者カールセーガンらは、核戦争が起きると核戦争後の火災による煙で太陽の光がさえぎられ、急速に気温が低下するとして、「核の冬―多重核爆弾の全球的影響」という論文を発表しました。 その後、国際学術連合(ICSU)の環境問題特別委員会(SCOPE)は、「核戦争が環境に及ぼす影響委員会」を組織し、徹底的な再調査を行い、日本を含めた30カ国の科学者約300人の英知を集めて、二年がかりで報告書「核戦争の環境に及ぼす影響」をまとめました。 その結果、6500メガトン(全世界の核保有量のたった5%といわれる量)が使用されただけでも「核の冬」が訪れ、気温低下のため世界の農業が壊滅し、「1040億人が餓死するだろう」と結論付けています。 このように核戦争は世界の生態系を完全に破壊し、人類をも絶滅させる可能性があると言う意味で、まさに「最大の環境破壊」てす。